Guide for Authors

Instructions to the Authors

 

About the Journal

Asian Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines (ATCAM) with online ISSN 2538-4686 is a peer-reviewed online journal with Continues print on demand compilation of issues published. The journal’s full text is available online at http://ajtcam.ir. The journal allows free access (Open Access) to its contents and permits authors to self-archive final accepted version of the articles on any OAI-compliant institutional / subject-based repository.

 

Scope of the Journal

Asian Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines (ATCAM) published by Department of Health, Hajtaleb Medical Complex of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, Bojnurd, Iran and Cooperation of (1) Deputy of Islamic Iranian Traditional Medicine, Ministry of Health, Tehran Iran; (2) Faculty of Traditional Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; (3) Iranian Traditional Medicine Association, Tehran, Iran; (4) Iranian Homeopathic Association, Tehran, Iran, provides an international medium for the communication of articles in all areas of the field of research in Traditional and Alternative Medicine. Scope of the journal is wide from phytochemistry to philosophy and ethnomedicine, including but not limited to:

Mind-Body Practices

Acupuncture and Acupressure

Alexander Technique

Guided Imagery

Hypnosis

Massage Manual Therapies

Meditation

Reflexology

Rolfing

Tai Chi

Meditation

Therapeutic Touch

Yoga

Traditional Medical Systems

Iranian Traditional Medicine

Unani Medicine

Ayurvedic Medicine

Curanderismo

Native American Medicine

Siddha Medicine

Tibetan Medicine

Traditional Chinese Medicine

Modern” Medical Systems

Anthroposophic Medicine

Chiropractic

Homeopathy

Naturopathy

Osteopathy

Leech Therapy

Herbal Medicine

 

Online Submission

Articles can be submitted electronically from http://www.ajtcam.ir. This is an online manuscript processing system which allows submission of articles with tracking of its progress till proof stage. One is required to register as a new author – the process being a simple self-explanatory two stage process. Link for new author registration is available from the home page (http://www.ajtcam.ir). If article is submitted electronically, there is no need to send a hard copy.

 

The Editorial Process

A manuscript will be reviewed for possible publication with the understanding that it is being submitted to Asian Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines (ATCAM) alone at that point in time and has not been published anywhere, simultaneously submitted, or already accepted for publication elsewhere. The journal expects that authors would authorize one of them to correspond with the Journal for all matters related to the manuscript. All manuscripts received are duly acknowledged. On submission, editors review all submitted manuscripts initially for suitability for formal review. Manuscripts with insufficient originality, serious scientific or technical flaws, or lack of a significant message are rejected before proceeding for formal peer-review. Manuscripts that are unlikely to be of interest to the Asian Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines (ATCAM) readers are also liable to be rejected at this stage itself.

Manuscripts that are found suitable for publication in Asian Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines (ATCAM) are sent to two or more expert reviewers. During submission, the contributor is requested to provide names of two or three qualified reviewers who have had experience in the subject of the submitted manuscript, but this is not mandatory. The reviewers should not be affiliated with the same institutes as the contributor/s. However, the selection of these reviewers is at the sole discretion of the editor. The journal follows a double-blind review process, wherein the reviewers and authors are unaware of each other’s identity. Every manuscript is also assigned to a member of the editorial team, who based on the comments from the reviewers takes a final decision on the manuscript. The comments and suggestions (acceptance/ rejection/ amendments in manuscript) received from reviewers are conveyed to the corresponding author. If required, the author is requested to provide a point by point response to reviewers’ comments and submit a revised version of the manuscript. This process is repeated till reviewers and editors are satisfied with the manuscript.

Manuscripts accepted for publication are copy edited for grammar, punctuation, print style, and format. Page proofs are sent to the corresponding author. The corresponding author is expected to return the corrected proofs within three days. It may not be possible to incorporate corrections received after that period. The whole process of submission of the manuscript to final decision and sending and receiving proofs is completed online. To achieve faster and greater dissemination of knowledge and information, the journal publishes articles online as ‘Ahead of Print’ immediately on acceptance. Also, following acceptance, a paper will normally be published online first within 30 days.

 

Ethical Consideration

All submitted articles involving human experiments should be performed only in accordance with the ethical standards provided by the responsible committee of the institution and in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki (as revised in Edinburgh 2000), available at http://www.wma.net/en/30publications/10policies/b3/index.html. This must be clearly stated in the document. Authors may be asked to provide evidence of the ethical approval. Informed oral or written permission must be obtained from human subjects, and this must be clearly stated in the methodology section. Efforts should be made to preserve patient anonymity. Ensure confidentiality of subjects by desisting from mentioning participants’ names, initials or hospital numbers, especially in illustrative material. Indeed photographs should be cropped sufficiently to prevent the recognition of human subjects being. An eye bar can be used if necessary. Animal experiments must conform to the instructions for the care and use of animals provided by the institution at which the research was carried out.

 

Authorship Criteria

The Publisher does not prescribe the kinds of contributions that warrant authorship. It is recommended that authors adhere to the guidelines for authorship that are applicable in their specific research field. In absence of specific guidelines it is recommended to adhere to the following guidelines*:

All authors whose names appear on the submission

1) made substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data; or the creation of new software used in the work;

2) drafted the work or revised it critically for important intellectual content;

3) approved the version to be published; and

4) agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

* Based on/adapted from:

ICMJE, Defining the Role of Authors and Contributors,

Transparency in authors’ contributions and responsibilities to promote integrity in scientific publication, McNutt at all, PNAS February 27, 2018

Participation solely in the acquisition of funding or the collection of data does not justify authorship. General supervision of the research group is not sufficient for authorship. Each contributor should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content of the manuscript. The order of naming the contributors should be based on the relative contribution of the contributor towards the study and writing the manuscript. Once submitted the order cannot be changed without written consent of all the contributors. The journal prescribes a maximum number of authors for manuscripts depending upon the type of manuscript, its scope and number of institutions involved (vide infra). The authors should provide a justification, if the number of authors exceeds these limits.

 

Contribution Details

Contributors should provide a description of contributions made by each of them towards the manuscript. Description should be divided in following categories, as applicable: concept, design, definition of intellectual content, literature search, clinical studies, experimental studies, data acquisition, data analysis, statistical analysis, manuscript preparation, manuscript editing and manuscript review. Authors' contributions will be printed along with the article. One or more author should take responsibility for the integrity of the work as a whole from inception to published article and should be designated as 'guarantor'.

 

Conflicts of Interest/ Competing Interests

All authors of must disclose any and all conflicts of interest they may have with publication of the manuscript or an institution or product that is mentioned in the manuscript and/or is important to the outcome of the study presented. Authors should also disclose conflict of interest with products that compete with those mentioned in their manuscript.

 

Submission of Manuscripts

All manuscripts must be submitted on-line through the website http://www.ajtcam.ir. First time users will have to register at this site. Registration is free but mandatory. Registered authors can keep track of their articles after logging into the site using their user name and password. Authors do not have to pay for submission, processing or publication of articles. If you experience any problems, please contact the editorial office by e-mail at editor in Website: http://www.ajtcam.ir, and E-mail: .info@ajcrtam.ir. The submitted manuscripts that are not as per the “Instructions to Authors” would be returned to the authors for technical correction, before they undergo editorial/ peer-review. Generally, the manuscript should be submitted in the form of four separate files:

[1] Title Page/First Page File/covering letter

This file should provide

1- The type of manuscriptو title of the manuscript, running title, names of all authors/ contributors (with their highest academic degrees, designation and affiliations) and name(s) of department(s) and/ or institution(s) to which the work should be credited. All information which can reveal your identity should be here. Use text/rtf/doc files. Do not zip the files.

2- The total number of pages, total number of photographs and word counts separately for abstract and for the text (excluding the references, tables and abstract), word counts for introduction + discussion in case of an article;

3- Source(s) of support in the form of grants, equipment, drugs, or all of these;

4- Acknowledgement, if any. One or more statements should specify 1) contributions that need acknowledging but do not justify authorship, such as general support by a departmental chair; 2) acknowledgments of technical help; and 3) acknowledgments of financial and material support, which should specify the nature of the support. This should be included in the title page of the manuscript and not in the main article file.

5- If the manuscript was presented as part at a meeting, the organization, place, and exact date on which it was read. A full statement to the editor about all submissions and previous reports that might be regarded as redundant publication of the same or very similar work. Any such work should be referred to specifically, and referenced in the new paper. Copies of such material should be included with the submitted paper, to help the editor decide how to handle the matter.

6- Registration number in case of a clinical trial and where it is registered (name of the registry and its URL).

7- Conflicts of Interest of each author/ contributor. A statement of financial or other relationships that might lead to a conflict of interest, if that information is not included in the manuscript itself or in an authors' form.

8- Criteria for inclusion in the authors’/ contributors’ list

9- A statement that the manuscript has been read and approved by all the authors, that the requirements for authorship as stated earlier in this document have been met, and that each author believes that the manuscript represents honest work, if that information is not provided in another form (see below). and

10- The name, address, e-mail, and telephone number of the corresponding author, who is responsible for communicating with the other authors about revisions and final approval of the proofs, if that information is not included on the manuscript itself.

[2] Blinded Article file

The main text of the article, beginning from Abstract till References (including tables) should be in this file. The file must not contain any mention of the authors' names or initials or the institution at which the study was done or acknowledgements. Page headers/running title can include the title but not the authors' names. Manuscripts not in compliance with the Journal's blinding policy will be returned to the corresponding author. Use rtf/doc files. Do not zip the files. Limit the file size to 1 MB. Do not incorporate images in the file. If file size is large, graphs can be submitted as images separately without incorporating them in the article file to reduce the size of the file. The pages should be numbered consecutively, beginning with the first page of the blinded article file.

[3] Images

Submit good quality color images. Each image should be less than 2 MB in size. Size of the image can be reduced by decreasing the actual height and width of the images (keep up to 1600 x 1200 pixels or 5-6 inches). Images can be submitted as jpeg files. Do not zip the files. Legends for the figures/images should be included at the end of the article file.

[4] The contributors' / copyright transfer form

The contributors' / copyright transfer form (template provided below) has to be submitted in original with the signatures of all the contributors within two weeks of submission via courier, fax or email as a scanned image. Print ready hard copies of the images (one set) or digital images should be sent to the journal office at the time of submitting revised manuscript. High resolution images (up to 5 MB each) can be sent by email. Contributors’ form / copyright transfer form can be submitted online from the authors’ area on http://www.ajtcam.ir.

 

Copies of any Permission(s)

It is the responsibility of authors/ contributors to obtain permissions for reproducing any copyrighted material. A copy of the permission obtained must accompany the manuscript. Copies of any and all published articles or other manuscripts in preparation or submitted elsewhere that are related to the manuscript must also accompany the manuscript. The material should be sent to any of the two addresses given above.

 

Types of Manuscripts

-Original article

An Original Article is a substantial novel research study, with a complex story often involving several techniques or approaches. These manuscripts should describe how the research project was conducted and provide a thorough analysis of the results of the project. The maximum word count of main text (excluding abstract, references and tables) is 5000 words. An introduction is followed by Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, References, Tables and Figures. Articles have a maximum of 6 display items (figures and/or tables). maximum number of references is 80.

 

-Reviews

A Review is an authoritative, balanced and scholarly survey of recent developments in a research field. Reviews are maximumly 10000 words, and illustrations are strongly encouraged. As a guideline, Reviews allow up to 100 references, with exceptions possible in special cases. maximum number of tables and figures is 12 .The subdivision of review articles can be arranged according to the author's idea. 

 

-Systematic review and meta-analysis

Systematic reviews and meta-analysis articles should follow the PRISMA (http://www.prisma-statement.org/) and MOOSE guidelines (http://www.consort-statement.org) respectively. There are no limits for words or references.

 

-Short communication

Short communication reports new findings of research works. The format of Short communication is the same as Original Research. The maximum length is 2500 words excluding abstract, references and tables. maximum number of tables and figures is 4 and a maximum of 40 references is allowed.

 

-Case reports or series:

New, interesting and rare cases can be reported. They should be unique, describing a great diagnostic or therapeutic challenge and providing a learning point for the readers. Cases with clinical significance or implications will be given priority. The text of articles amounting to up to 5000 words (excluding Abstract, references and Tables) should be followed the IMRAD format: Abstract, Key-words, Introduction, Case Presentation, Discussion, References, Tables and Figure legends. An abstract of not more than 350 words should be supplied, clearly and briefly stating the background, case presentation and conclusions. The maximum number of references permitted is 35. The number of tables and figures should not exceed one per 1000 words.

 

-letter to editor:

Letters to the editor are considered for publication provided they do not contain material that has been submitted or published elsewhere. These should be short and decisive observations. They could be either related to articles previously published in the Journal or views expressed in the journal. All letters may list only one institutional affiliation (without department or division names) or street address per author. The manuscript may have up to three authors, up to five references and one figure or table.

  • Letters in reference to Journal articles:

May include up to 500 words (title, references, and author signatures are not counted toward total). These letters must be received within four weeks after publication of article referenced.

  • Letters of general interest, unlinked to items published in the journal:

May include up to 1000 words (title, references, and author signatures are not counted toward total).

 

-Perspective

Perspective is a format for scholarly reviews and discussions of the primary research literature that are too technical for a Commentary but do not meet the criteria for a Review. A perspective article presents an important topic, groundbreaking research, or a different view of an existing issue by an expert in that field of research. The maximum number of words is 3000 and up to 50 references is allowed.

 

Preparation of Manuscripts

Manuscripts must be prepared in accordance with "Uniform requirements for Manuscripts submitted to Biomedical Journals" developed by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (October 2008). The uniform requirements and specific requirement of Asian Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines (AJTCAM) are summarized below. Before submitting a manuscript, contributors are requested to check for the latest instructions available. Instructions are also available from the website of the journal http://www.ajtcam.ir and from the manuscript submission site http://www.ajtcam.ir. The Asian Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines (ATCAM) accept manuscripts written in American English.

 

Text Formatting

Manuscripts for Research articles submitted to ATCAM should be divided into the following sections:

Title Page

Abstract

Background

Case Presentation

Discussion

Conclusions

List of Abbreviations Used (if any)

Competing Interests

Authors Contributions

Acknowledgements

References

Tables and Captions (if any)

Figure Legends (if any)

Description of Additional Data Files (if any)

 

Title Page

The title page should include:

 

The name(s) of the author(s)

A concise and informative title

The affiliation(s) of the author(s)

The e-mail address (es) of the author(s)

The e-mail address, telephone and fax numbers of the corresponding author

 

Abstract

The abstract of the manuscript should not exceed 350 words and must be structured into separate sections: Background, the context and purpose of the study; Case Presentation, how the study was performed and statistical tests used and the main findings; Conclusions, brief summary and potential implications. Please minimize the use of abbreviations and do not cite references in the abstract.

 

Keywords

Authors may provide 3 – 5 keywords preferably terms from the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) list of Index Medicus, after the abstract.

 

Introduction

The background section should be written from the standpoint of researchers without specialist knowledge in that area and must clearly state - and, if helpful, illustrate - the background to the research and its aims. Reports of clinical research should, where appropriate, include a summary of a search of the literature to indicate why this study was necessary and what it aimed to contribute to the field. The section should end with a very brief statement of what is being reported in the article.

 

Case Presentation

This section should include a description of the patient’s relevant demographic details, medical history, symptoms and signs, treatment or intervention, outcomes and any other significant details.

 

Discussion

Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that follow from them. Do not repeat in detail data or other material given in the Introduction or the Results section. Include in the Discussion section the implications of the findings and their limitations, including implications for future research. Relate the observations to other relevant studies.

In particular, contributors should avoid making statements on economic benefits and costs unless their manuscript includes economic data and analyses. Avoid claiming priority and alluding to work that has not been completed. State new hypotheses when warranted, but clearly label them as such. Recommendations, when appropriate, may be included.

 

Conclusions

This should state clearly the main conclusions of the research and give a clear explanation of their importance and relevance. Summary illustrations may be included.

 

List of abbreviations

If abbreviations are used in the text they should be defined in the text where first used.

 

Competing Interests

Authors must provide a statement detailing any competing interests.

 

Authors Contributions

It’s required by the Journal policy for authors to specify their contribution and responsibility in the manuscript. The degree of details of contribution may vary by the study type and design but should at least cover these areas: designing the study, writing the draft manuscript, preparing the data collection instrument, data process and analysis and critical review of the final manuscript. All authors must read and approve the final manuscript.

 

Acknowledgements

Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc. should be placed in a separate section before the reference list. The names of funding organizations should be written in full.

 

References

References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text (not in alphabetic order). Identify references in text, tables, and legends by Arabic numerals in superscript with square bracket after the punctuation marks. References cited only in tables or figure legends should be numbered in accordance with the sequence established by the first identification in the text of the particular table or figure. Use the style of the examples below, which are based on the formats used by the NLM in Index Medicus. The titles of journals should be abbreviated according to the style used in Index Medicus. Use complete name of the journal for non-indexed journals. Avoid using abstracts as references. Information from manuscripts submitted but not accepted should be cited in the text as "unpublished observations" with written permission from the source. Avoid citing a "personal communication" unless it provides essential information not available from a public source, in which case the name of the person and date of communication should be cited in parentheses in the text. The commonly cited types of references are shown here, for other types of references such as newspaper items please refer to ICMJE Guidelines (http://www.icmje.org or http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/uniform_requirements.html).

 

1- Articles in Journals

Standard journal article (for up to six authors): Parija S C, Ravinder PT, Shariff M. Detection of hydatid antigen in the fluid samples from hydatid cysts by co-agglutination. Trans. R.Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. 1996; 90:255–256.

 

Standard journal article (for more than six authors): List the first six contributors followed by et al.

 

Roddy P, Goiri J, Flevaud L, Palma PP, Morote S, Lima N. et al., Field Evaluation of a Rapid Immunochromatographic Assay for Detection of Trypanosoma cruzi Infection by Use of Whole Blood. J. Clin. Microbiol. 2008; 46: 2022-2027.

 

Volume with supplement: Otranto D, Capelli G, Genchi C: Changing distribution patterns of canine vector borne diseases in Italy: leishmaniosis vs. dirofilariosis.Parasites & Vectors 2009; Suppl 1:S2.

 

2- Books and Other Monographs

Personal author(s): Parija SC. Textbook of Medical Parasitology. 3rd ed. All India Publishers and Distributors. 2008.

 

Editor(s), compiler(s) as author: Garcia LS, Filarial Nematodes In: Garcia LS (editor) Diagnostic Medical Parasitology ASM press Washington DC 2007: pp 319-356.

 

Chapter in a book: Nesheim M C. Ascariasis and human nutrition. In Ascariasis and its prevention and control, D. W. T. Crompton, M. C. Nesbemi, and Z. S. Pawlowski (eds.). Taylor and Francis,London, U.K.1989, pp. 87–100.

 

3- Electronic Sources as reference

Journal article on the Internet: Parija SC, Khairnar K. Detection of excretory Entamoeba histolytica DNA in the urine, and detection of E. histolytica DNA and lectin antigen in the liver abscess pus for the diagnosis of amoebic liver abscess. BMC Microbiology 2007, 7:41. doi:10.1186/1471-2180-7-41. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2180/7/41

 

Tables and figures

Each table should be typed and a separate page. Tables are consecutively numbered; they must be given headings. It is good scientific style, and it facilitates the printer’s work, to arrange tables as clearly as possible. Tables are not to be combined with figures. Each figure should be submitted a separate sheet, apart from the text pages. Drawings should be directly reproducible.

 

Preparing tables

Each table should be numbered in sequence using Arabic numerals (i.e. Table 1, 2, 3 etc.). Tables should also have a title that summarizes the whole table, maximum 15 words. Detailed legends may then follow, but should be concise. Tables should be self-sufficient: provide a complete title, all the abbreviations should be spelt in the footer of table. Explanations should be in the footnote of the tables. For footnotes in the table the following symbols, in this sequence: *, †, ‡, §, ║, ¶, **, ††, ‡‡. Tables should only be provided in the end of the text. Quote the table numbers at the relevant place in the text.

 

Preparing illustrations and figures

Figures should be provided as separate files and should not be included in the main text of the submitted manuscript. Each figure should comprise only a single file. There is no charge for the use of color (not less than 300 dpi).

 

Formats

The following file formats would be accepted:

PNG (preferred format for photos or images)

JPG, JPEG

GIF

 

Figure legends

The legends should be included in the main manuscript text file immediately following the references, rather than being a part of the figure file. For each figure, the following information should be provided: Figure number (in sequence, using Arabic numerals - i.e. Figure 1, 2, 3 etc); short title of figure (maximum 15 words); detailed legend, up to 300 words.

Please note that it is the responsibility of the author(s) to obtain permission from the copyright holder to reproduce figures or tables that have previously been published elsewhere.

Patient’s or institute’s identity should not be revealed in the clinical photographs.

 

Protection of Patients' Rights to Privacy

Identifying information should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, sonograms, CT scans, etc., and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian, wherever applicable) gives written informed consent for publication. Authors should remove patients' names from figures unless they have obtained written informed consent from the patients. When informed consent has been obtained, it should be indicated in the article and copy of the consent should be attached with the covering letter.

 

Sending a Revised Manuscript

The revised version of the manuscript should be submitted online in a manner similar to that used for submission of the manuscript for the first time. However, there is no need to submit the “First Page” or “Covering Letter” file while submitting a revised version. When submitting a revised manuscript, contributors are requested to include, the ‘referees’ remarks along with point to point clarification at the beginning in the revised file itself. In addition, they are expected to mark the changes as underlined or colored text in the article.

 

Manuscript Submission, Processing and Publication Charges

Journal does not charge the authors or authors’ institutions for the submission, processing and/or publications of manuscripts.

 

Copyrights

The entire contents of the Asian Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines (ATCAM) are protected under international copyrights. The Journal, however, grants to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, perform and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works in any digital medium for any reasonable non-commercial purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship and ownership of the rights. The journal also grants the right to make small numbers of printed copies for their personal non-commercial use under Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License

 

Reprints and Proofs

Journal provides no free printed reprints. Authors can purchase reprints, payment for which should be done at the time of submitting the proofs.

Electronic proofs will be sent (e-mail attachment) to the corresponding author as a PDF file. Page proofs are considered to be the final version of the manuscript. With the exception of typographical or minor clerical errors, no changes will be made in the manuscript at the proof stage.

Because Asian Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines (ATCAM) will be published freely online, authors will have free electronic access to the full text (PDF) of the article. Authors can freely download the PDF file from which they can print unlimited copies of their articles.

 

Publication Schedule

The journal publishes articles on its website immediately on acceptance and follows a ‘continuous publication’ schedule. Articles are compiled for ‘print on demand’ semiannual issues.

 

Download the Necessary Files

 

Template for Case report.AJCRTAM 

Contribution Details.AJCRTAM

Practical.Vocab.AJCRTAM

 

 

 

Practical Vocabulary for Authors

ارکان چهارگانه

Four Elements

خاک، آب، هوا و آتش

Earth, Water, Air, Fire

سرد و خشک

Cold and Dry

سرد و تر

Cold and Moist

گرم و تر

Hot and Moist

گرم و خشک

Hot and Dry

مزاج های چهارگانه اصلی

Four Main Temperaments

سوداوی

Melancholic

بلغمی

Phlegmatic

دموی

Sanguineous

صفراوی

Choleric

مزاج زن و مرد

Body Temperament of Men and Women

مزاج امکنه

Temperament of the Place

اقالیم سبعه

Seven Regions

اخلاط چهارگانه

Four Humors

اخلاط

Humors

سودا

Black Bile

بلغم

Phlegm

دم

Blood

صفرا

Yellow Bile

ارواح

Sprits

روح حیوانی

Animistic Sprit

روح نفسانی

Psychic Sprit

روح طبیعی

Natural Sprit

اعضاء

Organs

هوا

Air

حرکت و سکون

Movement and Rest

خواب و بیداری

Sleep and Wakefulness

خوردنی ها و آشامیدنی ها

Food and Drinks

دفع مواد غیر ضروری و حفظ مواد ضروری

Depletion of Harmful Matters and Retention of necessary Matters

حالات روانی

Emotional

مزاج غذاها و داروها و اصل حفظ تعادل

Temperament of Food and Drugs and the Principle of Balance Preservation

ترش

Sour

تلخ

Bitter

شیرین

Sweat

شور

Salty

تند

Spicy

بی مزه

Tasteless

پاکسازی بدن و حفظ مواد ضروری

Cleaning the Body and Keeping the essential Materials

خشم

Anger

هیجان

Excitement

نگرانی

Anxiety

ترس

Fear

افسردگی

Depression

غم

Sadness

روش زندگی صحیح همراه با سلامتی

Proper Lifestyle along with Healthiness